Development Fires Developing

New Official Plan (OP) proposals from staff, based on the public consultations, were presented to Council last month. The initial Council discussion identified two contentious issues. Not surprisingly, both focused on growth: where it should go and how we should control it.

Residential Growth.

The public consultations showed a strong preference for most new residential development taking place in hamlets: specifically, Verona, Harrowsmith, Sydenham, Inverary, Battersea, Sunbury and Hartington.

Some on Council suggested that there were many non-productive rural areas that could be developed.  They also argued no one wants development in their own area, and since everyone on Council does not live in a hamlet, that is why some want development in hamlets.  There was also the contention that there is not enough room in hamlets to accommodate all the new development, nor is it safe to have that many private wells and septic systems so close together. 

The result of their arguments is that we should continue more or less as we have and develop a township of two acre lots from the Rideau Canal to Stone Mills.  

Some of these concerns are real.  Finding good ground water is a limiting factor on development in Harrowsmith, Sydenham and Inverary. The crowding of septics is a ground water pollution problem, even if they are all functioning properly.  For these reasons Council and the County have been actively developing, as part of the new OP process, policies for small scale municipal water and sewer systems.

There is sufficient space within current hamlet boundaries to accommodate the projected growth over the next 20 years, to state otherwise is not accurate.

Yes, there are non-productive rural lands, from a farming point-of-view, that could be built on.  These properties are also very likely productive wild spaces, add to the aesthetics of the Township, and, if developed, could add to the Township’s operational costs and contribute to global warming.

In the past the Township has favoured creating large lots anywhere.  Because land was cheaper and water easier to find is rural areas, that meant most development spread out across rural South Frontenac.

An alternative is to have an OP that makes it easier for good development in hamlets and difficult to develop on agricultural lands, in wild green areas, and near lakes and wetlands.

More people living in our hamlets makes them more viable for the services and small business most people want as part of their daily life. 

Commercial and Industrial Growth

The staff’s OP proposals recommended dedicated lands for commercial and light industrial growth. This is partially in response to a provincial requirement that we need to accommodate 1,100 more jobs in South Frontenac.

Some councilors argued that we need “to remove roadblocks” to development so that when developers, both residential and commercial, come with a plan they can proceed quickly.  The argument is essentially opposed to community-controlled development.

The planning process, at its best, is a democratic community coming together and saying this is the kind of community we want in 20 years.  We want vibrant hamlets, viable wild spaces, good community services, a range of housing options, safe communities and in our case strong farms and good lakes.  The Official Plan, at the end of the process, should take into account as many views as possible, but, in the end a vote will determine what development can go where.   

The Official Plan and related Zoning Bylaws can be amended over the next 20 years, but it should be difficult.  The plans should be a brake on anyone coming along and saying “I have an idea that works for me and I want to do it here”.  A good process should make it easy for development that fits with what the democratically decided plan and makes it much harder for random individual plans.

Wetlands and Non-Prime Agriculture

In these preliminary discussions Council seemed in general agreed that non-prime agricultural lands, lands that are often useful for grazing and hay, both needed for a strong local food production system, should be protected as well as prime agricultural land.  

Similarly, there was little objection to stronger shoreline protection and moving development farther back from significant wetlands. Both of which have been contentious issues in the past.

Setting the current plan is a once in a generation opportunity to structure our Township to be the best that it can be. Please take a few moments to look at the initial proposals from staff.

 Send along your comments to the consultation page and watch for a draft Official Plan.

The schedule is still for a vote on a new Official Plan in the fall of 2022.  

Open Air Burning Permits?

The Township is also gathering community comments on a permit system for open air burning.  Please read the information and send along your comments through the survey.

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Long-Term Frustrations – Short-Term Rentals

One frustration shared by many councilors and constituents is problems that are easily identifiable, that are raised over and over again, often with promises to do something about them, with solutions that seem reasonable, and yet no action is taken.  Some easily come to mind: septic system monitoring, climate change action, shoreline protection bylaws, and improving gravel roads. And, I am sure there are many more.

As frustrating as action on these issues can be, I want to thank the people who keep bringing them up.  If nothing else, consistently pushing to the surface over years is one way to tell that they are real issues. Over time, it also creates the cracks where the light gets in, thank you Leonard.   

One on my lingering problems list is the corporatization of the short-term rental (STR) business and its impact on our communities and the environment. Here too, thank you to members of the community for once again bringing STRs to the attention of Council and asking that action be taken.

At the November 2 Council meeting there will be a presentation by residents on corporate short-term rentals.  Their presentation is backed up by an online petition, which as I write it has 126 signatures, and numerous letters from other concerned residents.

Their presentation discusses the STR business, Air B+B, VBRO,, etc. Air B+B alone had 240 listings in South Frontenac in August 2021. It is part of a nearly one-billion-dollar business in Ontario where 83% of the rentals in rural areas are whole homes: that is, they are not owner occupied, like a standard B+B. These facts significantly explain the lack of supervision of renter’s potential bad behaviour, the complex complaint systems, risks to renter and community safety, and the lack of municipal oversight. 

STRs in South Frontenac are part of a worldwide phenomenon that has seen chains purchase, or contract, many properties, often driving up local housing prices and limiting local resident opportunities, and running an accommodation business outside the community regulation systems that govern hotels, B+Bs and campgrounds. The problem has become so bad in many tourists cities, like Paris and Barcelona, that major street demonstrations have taken place with residents trying to reclaim their communities from STRs.

I regularly receive complaints from permanent residents and cottage owners about noisy renters engaged in dangerous activities that disrupt our communities and increase the threat to the environment.   The bottom line is that we have very weak bylaws that can help. Even those we have, like the noise bylaw and regulations around fireworks, require a bylaw officer to be present to have enforcement, and at most times in the Township that is not possible in a timely manner.

Many rural communities in Ontario are currently looking at bylaws to control the STR problem. There are numerous approaches that will help while maintaining the possibility for people to either rent a room in their homes or rent their place for short periods when they are away.  Both of which are important to help pay bills and increase affordable access to rural areas.

The presentation coming to Council asks for some form of licensing system, that will help control noise, the number of guests, maximum rental days and concentration of STRs.  I hope that a request for a bylaw will return to Council in November.  

This is an important discussion.  If you are interested, please consider the petition and read the presentation that is coming to Council. 


Council voted 8-1 in favour of appointing a replacement for Councillor Barr instead of holding an election.  If you know of someone who could be a good Councillor for Bedford District, they can apply on the Township website and they will be considered through a pubic vetting process which will end in Council appointing a Bedford Councillor.  

Council held a long and inconclusive discussion on the request from Southern Frontenac Community Services for help with their building fund.  A staff recommendation, based on the discussion, will be coming back to Council this month.

Official Plan

The consultants helping draft the new official plan will be presenting policy options to a special Committee of the Whole meeting on November 23.  While this is not a meeting that is open for public comment, you are welcome to listen-in and keep up-to date on our new official plan. Register for a link here.

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Short-Term Rental Presentation

November 2, 2021, residents will be presenting to Township Council on their concerns about the corporate short-term rental business in South Frontenac. This is their presentation.

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Electric Transportation Leadership Needed

Time for South Frontenac Township to show leadership on electric transportation: set up the infrastructure to electrify the fleet and facilitate residents using electric vehicles. It will help mitigate the worse effects of global warning and reduce costs to the Township.

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Money Season: Country Roads, Buildings and Budgets

Budget 2022

Budget season for next year is about to begin.  Our budget is a central document that determines what services the Township thinks are needed and who pays.  Municipalities are limited in both respects; property taxes are our main option to raise money and there are many mandated services we must provide. Nonetheless, there is significant ability to budget for what we think will make a better community.  

Budgets become better when politicians and staff hear from the residents on what the community’s priorities should be. Council is setting aside two times within the budget making process for formal community input.

There will be a pubic engagement survey on budget priorities in October with delegations to Council on November 16: the beginning of the budget preparation. Please use these opportunities to say what your 2022 budget priorities are.

The second input session will be in early January 2022 after a detailed full draft budget has been prepared. This is the hard work of budgets: where the “rubber hits the road”.  It will help to know what you think of the proposed spending and taxation for next year.  Many sets of eyes need to go over the details to give us the best possible outcome.  

Gravel Roads

Last year, Council agreed to make gravels roads part of the Township’s asset management plan: something that should have been done a long time ago.  Being part of the asset management system means that gravel roads, like all other roads and facilities, will have long-term financing for their maintenance and improvement.

Council has now taken the next step.  We agreed to use provincial modernization funding for a gravel-roads needs study. The goal is a better system to evaluate our gravel roads and a comprehensive current evaluation of all roads. The information obtained will help identify critical deficiencies, recommend improvements and establish a short- and long-term capital plan for improvements.

The proposed evaluation criteria included the tax base along the road. This criterion would have meant that roads with more valuable properties would receive a higher priority.  Council unanimously supported my motion to remove tax base as a criterion.  Council also voted to include, if it is possible to determine, the mix of seasonal and full-time residents, as one of the considerations.

If all goes well the gravel roads needs study should be done in the spring of 2022.

Unused COVID Assistance

In the 2021 budget Council allocated $250,000 to help community organizations, businesses and individuals who had been hurt by the pandemic.  On September 21 approximately $100,000 was unspent and returned to our reserves.

Two application periods resulted in 14 community groups receiving approximately $85,000 in grants. A further $57,500 was distrusted through Frontenac Business Services to support 31 small business and 98 jobs in the community.  And, $5,000 was used to buy equipment needed to expand the Meals on Wheels program to meet the needs of the increased number of seniors staying at home. 

Southern Frontenac Community Services (SFCS) Building Assistance

SFCS is a local agency providing a wide range of community health related services.  If you are not familiar with the programs, please visit their website. Their home base is on Stagecoach Road and it includes the Grace Center, a beautifully repurposed United Church.

SFCS has reached a crisis point. To provide an expanded number of services, they now operate out of three portables and are crowded in the more formal space. 

They need more space to move the food bank and key administrative services out of the portables.  The renovations will also provide confidential meeting space, accessible washrooms, improved efficiencies and expanded capacity in food handling and preparation for Meals on Wheels and a variety of other improvements to meet the needs of the 8,000, and growing number of seniors who live in our area.   

Southern Frontenac Community Services Building Support Request

The Township has been asked to provide $750,000, about half the cost of the addition.  Township staff are preparing a report for Council on the benefits and risk of investing in the building and to outline proposals on how we could do it.  This report will be coming to the Committee of the Whole on October 12.

Municipalities have a legal mandate and moral obligation to provide community support services: they make for stronger, healthier communities.  SFCS does much of this work for us.

One concern is that the province is currently reorganizing community support services.  If the Council makes a sizable donation to the building fund, which it should, it is important that the investment is used to provide local services under local control and that there is some mechanism to make this happen.


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Southern Frontenac Community Services Building Support Request

Attached is the request from Southern Frontenac Community Services to support their building expansion.  Consideration of the proposal will be coming to Council’s Committee of the Whole on October 12.

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A Plan is Better than No Plan?

August saw progress in two Township planning initiatives: the Recreational Master Plan and the new Official Plan. Both are at mid points in their development and now the heavy lifting, that is actual policy development, starts.

The Recreational Master Plan

The consultants hired to develop the Recreational Master Plan, a plan for the Township’s recreational facilities and activities, collected information from: an online survey of community members; a survey of business and community organizations; stakeholder interviews and focus groups; a random telephone survey of 300 residents; and a small number of individual submissions.

The information gathered was presented to the Recreation Committee in a Community Consultation Report.  As interesting as the report was, and it contained many, many ideas, there was no attempt to summarizes, collate and prioritize the results, so it is a long read. Nonetheless, this back ground information is important to validate the next step, summarizing the data and producing draft recommendations.

Recreation Background Documents

If you are interested in Township recreational programs and facilities, please look at this report for a wide range of community generated proposals for future development. If you have any initial comments, please pass them along.

One small point methodological stood out to me.  41% of the online survey were long-time residents of the Township compared with 51% in the random telephone poll.  The online survey also had significantly different numbers of people who had lived here 1-5 years (20% compared to 5% in the random poll).

Place of residence also varied significantly.  In the online poll many more were from Sydenham (36% vs 26% random) and Perth Road (9% vs 2% random) and Verona had a stronger representation in the random poling (19% compared to 10%).  I asked that the consultant to consider these variations when they make their recommendations.

The New Official Plan

The four virtual community consolations in August on the new Official Plan consisted of a short presentation followed by a series of questions that the participants could vote on. The session I attended had 29 participants with about 20 voting on each question. The questions are online for a few more weeks and you can vote your choices by going to:

The questions cover different aspects of housing, economic development, lake ecosystems and agriculture. One problem with surveys of this type is that they limit the nuance in many questions. For instance, the answer could be mostly ‘yes’ but there are situations where a ‘no’ would be more appropriate. If you have qualifications to any of your answers, please submit them in writing to:

One issue with the questions was a limiting bias in the housing development question. The question asking if the majority the majority of housing should be in hamlets suggests 60% as a possible figure.  In the back ground information to the questions it was reported that open house attendees before COVID supported 72% in hamlets and the rest in rural areas and on waterfront.

A different interpretation is that 72% supported most development in hamlets, say 90% while the other 28% supported more housing in rural areas or on waterfront.  There are two questions: do we support more housing in hamlets, I think the answer is yes. Then how much should go there? This question is not being asked.

Preserving waterfront and agricultural lands means most, close to all housing, needs to go into hamlets.  We have historically overbuilt on farm lands and along water ways to the detriment of both.  Concentrating growth in hamlets is also creates strong, vibrant hamlets, makes communities more livable for all ages, and reduces carbon emissions. I hope those working on the new Official Plan recognize the benefits of most new housing going into hamlets.

A Cat Trail Funding Plan

Cataraqui Conservation will be approaching municipalities along the Cataraqui Trail to develop a sustainable funding plan to keep the trail open and safe.  These discussions will take place over the next year. The Cat Trail is enjoyed by many South Frontenac residents and is a reason often sited for people moving here or visiting.

Recreation Background Documents

The Federal Election

This report is written in the midst of a federal election which will significantly impacts on South Frontenac.  Issues requiring strong federal leadership, like the climate crisis, the ongoing and future pandemics, and growing inequality are negatively affecting our community.  I encourage everyone to be involved, and critically look at the options presented. For example, stepping back from strong action on climate change will significantly and negatively alter our future and increase the costs and livability of the Township.

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Recreation Background Documents

These two reports contain important information on the future of recreation facilities in South Frontenac including the Cataraqui Trail. They are both background information for discussions that will take place over the next year.

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Things Old, New, Borrowed, and Blue

Fire Hall Energy Update

Council agreed to place a 10 KWH solar power plant on the roof of the new Battersea Road fire hall.  This will be the first renewable energy installation on South Frontenac Township property.   Council also agreed to install a heat pump as the primary source for heating and cooling the administrative offices which will result is a significant reduction fossil fuel use.

Gypsy Moth Update

There is cautious optimism this week with increasing reports of gypsy moths killed by the natural virus and fungus.  It is certainly happening in our area.

A helpful source of information on the infestation is an Ontario Woodlot Association webinar.  There were many valuable bits of information but three stood out:

  • When scrapping the egg masses off tress they have to be actively be killed, not simply knocked to the ground, which I had been doing. The eggs survive under snow, in fact may prefer it.  The eggs can be killed in variety of ways, popular ones are putting them in soapy water or into a fire.
  • The history of gypsy moths in North America in some ways follows that of ticks. They are moving north because winters are warmer, cold snaps below -20 degrees increase egg mortality, and cool damp springs benefit the natural gypsy moth caterpillar controls. Both conditions are less common in the changing climate.
  • A discussion by a group near Perth who had organized community spraying might be a useful to those interested in this option. The webinar leader showed pictures of sprayed areas, and under ideal conditions there is a beneficial effect, but it is not complete, and BTK kills are all species of moths and butterfly’s that are in the caterpillar stage when it is applied. There is also some evidence that spraying may prolong the infestation.

Community Grant Updates

Grants were given out this year in the traditional community grants program and in a one-time program to offset the damage done by COVID restrictions. The list of all grants in both streams can be found on Council’s June 1st meeting agenda, items 10 b) + c).

The 2021 community grants helped pay for trail improvements, floating wetlands to decrease blue green algae, assistive device storage and the Bellrock Hall 160th anniversary celebrations.

The CVOID grants were designed to target groups active in our community that had limited ability to access funds from other levels of government.  Groups that received COVID grants included Lions Clubs, Legions, the Bellrock Hall, Sydenham Canoe Club, Frontenac Society of Model Engineers, New Leaf Link and Wintergreen Studios.

Many community volunteers keep organizations vital to the fabric of our community going through this challenging time. Thanks to everyone.

Official Pan Update

Council approved an engagement strategy for the new official plan that will build on the open houses held just before COVID struck.  The consultations will take place from July to October and include focus groups, online surveys, virtual meetings and, with some luck and lots of vaccines, open public meetings.

The goal is to have a new official plan passed in the fall of 2022.

Now is the time to make your voice heard about what kind of community we want South Frontenac to be in 20 years.  The official plan will set the guidelines for that development.

Conservation Authority Threat

The provincial government is changing the laws and regulations governing Conservation Authorities.  These changes will limit the Authority’s ability to protect the environment and pose a threat to conservation lands.

These changes could affect the viability of the Gould Lake Conservation Area, the Cataraqui Trail and some boat launches in South Frontenac. Specifically, it could make it harder to keep them open with free public access.  All of these spaces are well used by local residents and strong shows of public support are needed to keep open.

The government is currently waiting for comments from the Environmental Impact Review Board before finalizing the changes.

South Frontenac Council supported a motion to obtain Conservation Authority comment if the province tries to use a Ministerial Zoning Order (MZO) in South Frontenac. MZOs are being used more frequently to override local planning processes and conservation regulations, and often to put development in environmentally sensitive areas. Council’s motion tries to bring back a local perceptive on any development the province wants to push through with an MZO.

Burning Bylaw Update

Council has approved a community consultation process on an open-air burning permit system.  The results of the consultation are to come back to Council before any changes to the current Open Air Burning bylaw are considered.

Canada Day

Council had cancelled Canada Day due to COVID restrictions. This pause may prove beneficial as we develop a new and deeper understanding of our Country. The residential school findings and the killing of a Muslim Canadian family highlight some of the changes needed to make our Country work for all its residents.

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Communal Problems: Moths, Climate and Drinking Water

Communal Services Proposal

Frontenac County consultants have made a proposal on how to increase collective, or communal, water and sewage services within the County.  It was item 5.a on the May 4 Township Council agenda. While no binding motions were taken Councilors did express general support for setting up a municipally owned corporation to run community water and sewage services in the County.

The current proposal focuses on communal services for new subdivisions with the systems run by a municipal corporation controlled by the Townships. Sydenham’s water system is currently the only community service in the County.  It is controlled by South Frontenac Council and operated by Utilities Kingston.

Communal systems could help alleviate water shortages, protect ground water, reduce risk of drinking water contamination and increase development density above one house per 2.5 acres.

The consultants identified as one of the possible benefits “the separation of politics from service provision”. There was a good discussion on Council about the importance of communities maintaining control over what kind of services go where and how they are structured and financed. While separating politics from the day-to-day operations is generally a good idea, a utilities corporation should not be a way to shield sometimes controversial community decisions from democratic control.

The consultants also noted that his model could allow for profit. It was not clear why they thought this might be beneficial.  Allowing the utilities corporation to make a profit would only increase the cost to users of the system and transfer money to some other purpose in the Township. One of the benefits of collective community systems should be to decrease cost and increase quality for the users which means it needs to be non-profit.  The consultants said that the profit status of the utility corporation would be a political decision made by the Townships.

The Fire Hall Climate Fight

The next step in South Frontenac’s program to replace our aging fire halls is a new 2.2-million-dollar station on Battersea Road.

The initial design was generally accepted by Council. The discussion focused on what was left out: any significant initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.  In our worsening climate crisis, every major infrastructure project should be built to reduce carbon emissions.

Two specific proposals were introduced. First, that an air source heat pump be the primary source of heating and cooling.  Council agreed to have staff report back by June 15 on the up-front capital costs, the long-term operating costs, and a heat pump’s effect on greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuel alternatives.

The second proposal was for solar power to be placed on the site as part of Hydro One’s net metering program.  That program uses the solar produced onsite to offset the site’s hydro bills.  There is about a thirty-thousand-dollar upfront cost with an average pay back to cover those costs of 8 to 10 years. The unit should continue to produce income for 25 years.

Council supported a report back on the feasibility of installing a solar power plant with Councillor Roberts and Mayor Vandewal voting against.

Gypsy Moth Fight Back

There have been numerous inquiries about whether South Frontenac will be spraying the gypsy moth caterpillars.

There is no doubt the Gypsy moths are a problem.  Last year we couldn’t clean the caterpillar poop and leaf droppings off our deck fast enough to sit out for about three weeks.  After that the leaves did grow back. A few townships have decided to spray small areas of their townships, mostly when they have relatively large tracts of municipal forests, like over 100 acres.

South Frontenac Township owns no major forest tracks.  Frontenac Provincial Park, nonprofit conservation areas and private woodlots have large tracts of forest in the Township and I don’t believe any are spraying. The rest of the Township is privately owned and it is very hard to spray over private property without getting all land owners on board and there’s a significant disagreement on whether spraying is desired.

Property owners can use a number of techniques to catch and kill caterpillars, pheromone traps can be used to catch the moths and the egg masses are easy to identify and remove.  These actions make a difference until the infestation naturally dies down. One resident provided a link to the Hamilton website which provides pretty good information on the gypsy moth outbreak and what can be done about it.

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